Monday, August 24, 2020
Waterway Woods Plant Manager - Case Study Example All together for the undertaking to be fruitful, the director will be expected to concoct methodologies to deal with the venture along with the subordinates and the normal difficulties. This will be particularly useful in light of the fact that he will be new, with another venture and current subordinates who have been utilizing useful lines of detailing. For this situation there is a presentation of another plant in an area away from the central command. Current faculty will be moved to work at the area of the new plant and any additional staff will be taken to different branches. The new plant is seen to be practical later on and it will have new techniques for creation, labor necessity just as lower cost of creation since it will be mechanized. The new plant is being utilized to execute a decentralized arrangement of the board flagging a move away from the brought together framework where there was work line revealing. In the unified technique, advertising was under the VP, fabricating and different capacities under senior VP and no plant had a head supervisor. In the new framework the senior supervisor will assume responsibility for work force and all capacity put something aside for deals and promoting (Whetten and Cameron, 2007). There are worries over a move from line answering to plant level concentration just as redesigning the present staff to utilize the new plant. Utilization of the new plant, setting of techniques, machine structure and creation plan are relied upon to represent a test. There are objections from the present representatives over moving to a littler town who are likewise disappointed with their new jobs. These are similar individuals who will be relied upon to cultivate solidarity of the plant and aid accomplishment of the new plant and the whole organization. Issues are normal between chiefs concerning power sharing and showing them on the best way to practice their capacity with the new changes. In a hierarchical setting, individual intensity of the administrator
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Social Facts Essay A. Social Facts Durkheim characterized social realities as things outer to, and coercive of, the entertainer. These are made from aggregate powers and don't exude from the individual (Hadden, p. 104). While they may not appear to be recognizable, social realities are things, and are to be concentrated observationally, not insightfully (Ritzer, p. 78). They can't be concluded from unadulterated explanation or thought, yet require an investigation of history and society so as to watch their belongings and comprehend the idea of these social realities. In The Rules of Sociological Method, Durkheim starts by noticing highlights, for example, the accompanying (quote 3): Social Facts. At the point when I satisfy my commitments as sibling, spouse, or resident, when I execute my agreements, I perform obligations which are characterized, remotely to myself and my demonstrations, in law and in custom. Regardless of whether they fit in with my own suppositions and I feel their existence abstractly, such the truth is as yet objective, for I didn't make them; I only acquired them through my training. (Rules, p. 1). As instances of social realities, Durkheim refers to strict convictions, money used to attempt exchanges, and factors, for example, the practices followed in my calling (Rules, p. 2). These sorts of direct or thought are outer to the person as well as are, also, invested with coercive force, by righteousness of which they force themselves upon him, autonomous of his individual will. (Rules, p. 2). While commitments, qualities, mentalities, and convictions may seem, by all accounts, to be singular, Durkheim contends that these social realities exist at the degree of society overall, emerging from social connections and human affiliation. They exist because of social collaborations and recorded improvements over extensive stretches of time, and originate from fluctuating aggregate portrayals and differing types of social association (Hadden, p. 04). As people who are brought up in a general public, these social realities are found out (through socialization) and for the most part acknowledged, however the individual has nothing to do with setting up these. While society is made out of people, society isn't only the entirety of people, and these realities exist at th e degree of society, not at the individual level. All things considered, these social realities do exist, they are the social truth of society, a reality that comprises the correct investigation of human science (Cuff et al. , p. 33). The investigation of social realities is the unmistakable article or topic of human science (Hadden, p. 105). Durkheim istinguishes social realities from mental, organic, or financial realities by taking note of that these are social and established in bunch assumptions and qualities. Simultaneously, he separates the investigation of social realities from theory by taking note of that the genuine impacts of social realities are showed in outer pointers of opinions, for example, strict tenets, laws, moral codes (Hadden, p. 105) and these impacts can be watched and concentrated by the humanist. The investigation of social realities is in this way a huge piece of the investigation of human science. So as to do this, the humanist must free themselves of pr eviously established inclinations (Hadden, p. 07) and embrace target study which can concentrate on objective, outer markers, for example, strict tenets or laws (Hadden, p. 107). Every social truth is genuine, something that is compelling on the individual and outside to the entertainer. The social reality isn't simply in the brain of the individual Ã¢â¬ that is, these realities are more than mental realities. That these exist in the public arena in general, after some time, and once in a while across social orders, gives some evidence of this. Simultaneously they are in the brains of people so they are likewise mental states. We will compose a custom exposition test on Social Facts explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on Social Facts explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom exposition test on Social Facts explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Ritzer noticed that social realities can be viewed as mental wonders that are outer to and coercive of mental realities, for example, human impulses. The individual mental state could be considered to mediate between social truth and activity (Ritzer, p. 105). Durkheim might not have given an adequate investigation of the suspicions basic, or the qualities of, these psychological states. For Durkheim the investigation of humanism ought to be the investigation of social realities, endeavoring to discover the reasons for social realities and the elements of these social realities. Social realities control human social activity and go about as imperatives over individual conduct and activity. They might be authorized with law, with unmistakably characterized punishments related with infringement of the notions and estimations of the gathering. Approvals might be related with social realities, for instance as in religion, where obstruction may bring about objection from others or from otherworldly pioneers. People might be uninformed of social realities and for the most part acknowledge them. For this situation, people may acknowledge the qualities and codes of society and acknowledge them as their own. Two sorts of social realities are material and non-material social realities. Material social realities are highlights of society, for example, social structures and establishments. These could be the arrangement of law, the economy, church and numerous parts of religion, the state, and instructive organizations and structures. They could likewise incorporate highlights, for example, channels of correspondence, urban structures, and populace dissemination. While these are significant for understanding the structures and type of association in any general public, it is nonmaterial social realities that comprise the principle subject of investigation of human science. Nonmaterial social realities are social realities which don't have a material reality. They comprise of highlights, for example, standards, qualities, and frameworks of profound quality. Some contemporary models are the standard of the one to three kid family, the positive qualities related with family structures, and the negative affiliations associated with animosity and outrage. In Durkheims wording, a portion of these nonmaterial social realities are profound quality, aggregate awareness, and social flows. A case of the last is Durkheims examination of self destruction. Social realities can likewise be separated into typical and obsessive social realities (Hadden, pp. 08-9). Typical social realities are the most broadly conveyed and valuable social realities, aiding the upkeep of society and public activity. Obsessive social realities are those that we may connect with social issues and ills of different kinds. Self destruction is one case of this, where social realities should b e unique. For Durkheim, the a lot more prominent recurrence of the ordinary is verification of the predominance of the typical. Durkheim later altered the idea of a solitary aggregate cognizance, and received the view that there were aggregate portrayals as a component of explicit conditions of bases of the system. That is, there might be various standards and qualities for various gatherings inside society. These aggregate portrayals are likewise social realities since they are in the awareness of some group and are not reducible to singular consciousnesses (Ritzer, p. 87). The social structures, foundations, standards and qualities that have become some portion of the investigation of human science can be gotten from Durkheims approach, and today there is little trouble recognizing social science from brain research. B. Self destruction After Durkheim composed The Rules of Sociological Method, he handled the subject of self destruction for instance of how a humanist can contemplate a subject that appears to be very close to home, with no social viewpoint to it Ã¢â¬ in any event, being hostile to social. It could be contended that self destruction is such an individual demonstration, that it includes just close to home brain research and simply singular points of view. Durkheims point was not to clarify or foresee an individual inclination to self destruction, however to clarify one sort of nonmaterial social realities, social flows. Social flows are qualities of society, yet might not have the lastingness and soundness that a few pieces of aggregate awareness or aggregate portrayal have. They might be related with developments, for example, excitement, ire, and pity. (Ritzer, p. 87). Hadden takes note of that Durkheim wished to show that sociological elements were fit for clarifying much about such enemy of social marvels (Hadden, p. 109). On account of self destruction, these social flows are communicated as self destruction rates, rates that vary among social orders, and among various gatherings in the public eye. These rates show regularities after some time, with changes in the rates frequently happening at comparable occasions in various social orders. In this way these rates can be supposed to be social realities (or if nothing else the factual portrayal of social realities) as in they are close to home, yet are cultural attributes. This can be found in the accompanying statement (quote 12): Suicide Rates as Social Facts. At every snapshot of its history, consequently, every general public has a distinct inclination for self destruction. The general power of this bent is estimated by taking the extent between the absolute number of intentional passings and the number of inhabitants in each age and sex. We will consider this numerical datum the pace of mortality through self destruction, normal for the general public viable. The self destruction rate is in this manner a true request, brought together and unequivocal, as is appeared by the two its perpetual quality and its fluctuation. For this lastingness would be strange in the event that it were not the aftereffect of a gathering of particular attributes, solidary with each other, and at the same time successful regardless of various specialist conditions; and this inconstancy demonstrates the solid and individual nature of these equivalent qualities, since they shift with the individual character of society itself. To put it plainly, these measurable information express the self-destructive propensity with which every general public is all things considered harrowed. Every general public is predispo
Monday, July 20, 2020
Asking Small Talk Follow-Up Questions When You Have SAD July 17, 2019 Social Anxiety Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children Reza Estakhrian/Taxi/Getty Images Follow-up questions are an important part of the conversation. Without follow-up questions, you and your conversation partner will end up asking and responding to a series of questions without ever talking in-depth about any particular topicâ"which will feel awkward. Follow-up questions keep the conversation moving forward and allow for clarification and elaboration of details. However, if you live with social anxiety disorder, asking follow-up questions or even making small talk in the first place may feel uncomfortableâ"or downright anxiety-provoking. While you work on your social anxiety with the help of treatment, use the tips below to also brush up on your small talk skills. Having this list of types of questions ready will give you confidence and help to reduce the social anxiety that you feel. Steps to Asking Follow-Up Questions Small talk generally starts with a conversation about topics such as the weather, family, work, hobbies, and other interests. There are two ways to get another person to talk: by asking yes/no or open-ended questions. Yes/No Questions Yes/no questions require only a yes or no answer from your conversation partner. These questions often start with words such as would, should, is, are, did, do, etc. Did you watch the season finale of The Voice last night?Do you go to church on Sundays?Do you like to travel? Open-Ended Questions Obviously, you can see how some of the above yes/no questions would lead to a conversation. However, you can also lead your partner deeper into topics by asking questions that take a bit more explanation. These questions take a different form, beginning with words such as how, why, what, and where. How many siblings do you have?What do you do for fun on the weekend?How do you like being an accountant? Whether you begin small talk by asking yes/no questions or open-ended questions, you will want to ask follow-up questions to further the conversation. 10 Best and Worst Small Talk Topics Follow-Up Questions If your conversation partner responds that he did watch The Voice (or any other show) the night before, follow up with a question to obtain more details: Who is your favorite judge on the show?Who do you think is going to win? It is best to choose a topic that you know a little bit about so that you can follow the other persons response with your own point of view. If the person responds to the open-ended question by saying that he has one sister, some potential follow-up questions might include: Where does she live?What does she do?How often do you see her? When thinking of follow-up questions, the following keywords can be used to build upon: Who?What?How? Why? Where? When? Meaning? And? Once you are in the habit of asking follow-up questions, it will become easier to generate them during a conversation. Remember, though, to always listen carefully to what the other person has to say. Only formulate your question once the person has finished speaking because what he or she says will likely affect what you ask next. One way to do this is by practicing active listening, in which you listen as though you might need to explain what the person is saying to someone else. If something doesnt make sense or you dont understand it, ask for clarification. Practicing Active Listening in Your Daily Conversations Reading Between the Lines Through Follow-up Questions Sometimes during the conversation, the other person will give you little pieces of information that hint at what he or she wants you to ask about next. A person might say something like I have been working as an accountant, but Im not sure for how much longer. In this instance, consider asking follow-up questions that help you to clarify what the other person is thinking: What do you mean by that? or Why do you think that? Use these when you feel the need to understand the other persons point of view or how they are feeling about a particular topic. This is particularly helpful if the person has dropped hints about a deeper meaning than the actual words he or she is saying. More Tips for Follow-Up Questions Show interest and encourage the other person to speak by smiling and nodding during the conversation.Keep up-to-date on news, entertainment, and sporting events, so its easier to ask yes/no and follow-up questions.Interject with statements like Tell me more or Sounds interesting to encourage the other person.Offer sympathy and support, rather than asking for more details, if someone discloses something personal such as a recent death in the family or a divorce. The person may just want to explain his situation so that you know why he is not acting like himself. Leave it up to him to decide how much to share.Dont be quick to jump in if there is silence. Allow the other person time to respond and dont interrupt. How to Socialize More Easily When You Have SAD Genuine Interest When you first start making small talk, you might just be trying to make yourself and the other person comfortable. That is when there is often quick back and forth of yes and no type questions. It is when you start to become genuinely interested in what the other person has to say that the conversation takes a life of its own. Soâ"focus less on getting the details of asking follow-up questions right, and more on becoming genuinely interested in the other person. A Word From Verywell Use these tips when you find yourself needing to make small talk with a stranger or someone you dont know well. Remember, even though your socially-anxious self may seek perfectionâ"this shouldnt be your goal. Instead, picture your end goal of making a new friend and see the question-and-answer process as a necessary step in building that friendship.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
The Total Effects of Boot Camps That House Juveniles: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. In the 1980s the first shock incarceration programs or boot camp was introduced for the adultÃ¢â¬â¢s correctional system. Since than it have rapidly grown, and widely adopted across the fields of corrections and juvenile justice. The attraction towards the shock incarceration program originated from the instinctive belief that military methods promote honorable behavior. However, for others, it is the effect of hopelessness fueled by the shortfall of more constructive opportunities. Historically, training school and juvenile correctional facilities operation have been according to the quasi-military structure in response to the high crime rates in 1960s and 1970s. Regardless of boot camps initial popularity, academics and practitioners have criticized the boot camp program on practical and ideological grounds. For instance, critics argued that boot camps structure and process are ideologically incomparable with rehabilitative treatment. Academics and practitioners argued that boot camps may be efficient at achieving their expected goals for the military, but they are contradictory to rehabilitation because it is not targeting the cause of delinquency. Likewise, boot camp can also hinder rehabilitation by relying only on negative reinforcement. Moreover, experts have argued that boot camp may be partly responsible for the abuse of participants since many boot camps stick to theShow MoreRelated Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency Essay3001 W ords Ã |Ã 13 PagesIntroduction Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new phenomenon. For this reason, societyÃ¢â¬â¢s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The United States developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the Juvenile Justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarcerationRead MorePrison Overcrowding : The United States1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfor minor and major offences such as murder. America is hard on crime. When someone breaks the law the criminal justiceÃ¢â¬â¢s system seeks an eye for an eye. Prison overcrowding has become a major problem in the United States, it is very expensive to house an inmate and there are other methods to punish offenders without sending them to prison for extended periods of time. The American criminal justice system is hard on cri me. It is possible that the American criminal justice system is too hard on crimeRead MoreDefinitions Of Probation And Probation Essay956 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescontact with the offender as does intensive supervised probation (Allen and Latessa 120). The third classification of probation is house arrest, also called home detention. While searching for a safe and secure alternative to incarceration, home detention was introduced. Home detention is the confining of the offender to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s home for the duration of their sentence. House arrest is usually ordered along with the traditional probation requirements. The offenders are often required to wear an electronicRead MoreThe Effectiveness of Probation Boot Camps2932 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesName: Tutor: Course: Date: How Effective Are Probation Boot Camps? Probation Boot Camps Probation boot camps refer to correctional centers that follow a military essential training model, which emphasizes discipline as well as physical conditioning. They are based on shock incarceration and military techniques, and are aimed at assisting young offenders. The first known boot camp was started in 1971 in Idaho though their popularity did not start until 1983 when they were created in OklahomaRead MoreEssay about Proposal to Cut Down Juvenile Crime2359 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe problem of juvenile violence has become one of the most overwhelming problems of our time for Texas and for the United States. The problem is spread throughout the United States. The serious crimes are usually thought to be problems of the urban city, but this is no longer a problem just for the inner city. The problem has spread through the suburban areas of the city in cases just like the first example. Citizens are spending tons of money trying to fight the problem on their own. 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Data and information has been gathered from the FBI Uniform Crime Report, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Amnesty International, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and other scholarly works. Amongst the information given here are the detrimental effects of under-funding in the correctional system, the linkRead More Criminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism3262 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesincarcerated citizens rises, but the number of actual rehabilitated persons decreases. Even in the face of community programs aimed at aiding released offenders with their bids at reintegration, job training programs within the jails themselves, and boot camp release programs, there are often significant roadblocks to successful reintegration. Along with a general feeling of disapproval from the people within their social circles, reporting to or being visited at home or work by parole officers, repeatedRead MoreCriminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism3286 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesincarcerated citizens rises, but the number of actual rehabilitated persons decreases. Even in the face of community programs aimed at aiding released offenders with their bids at reintegration, job training programs within the jails themselves, and boot camp release programs, there are often significant roadblocks to successful reintegration. Along with a general feeling of disapproval from the people within their social circles, reporting to or being visited at home or work by parole officers, repeatedRead MoreUnderstanding Emotional Differences between Male and Female Prisoners through Deficiency Theory and Importation Theory4979 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pagesthe amount of problems posed by the establishment or the incarceration know-how which are thought to bring on specific adaptations or responses; introduction refers to dissimilar dispositions brought in from the exterior by the inmates who have an effect on their adaptation or response to the prison setting (Aday Webster, 1979). Importation factors would comprise sex differences and the demographic disparities of men and women inmates. Sex distinctions, as discussed earlier, may be biological
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
When I was a young child, my family and I would travel to Vermont to stay with my grandparents. They lived on a mountain a little way out from the small town of Troy, Vermont. The land overflowed with the most beautiful trees and wildlife that I have ever seen. My grandfather protected his lands, he ensured that no one would hunt on them so that the animals would be safe from poachers. I would sit outside in the grass of our backyard clearing and just stare out into the wilderness that surrounded me. Some of my cousins felt scared of the woods, but I loved them like they were a part of me. For hours, I would gaze into the trees and watch the wild creatures, it was peace for me. DeerÃ¢â¬â¢s would come so close to the clearing that I could seeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Envision a world filled with nothing but cities, roads, and interstates. That there were no trees to stare at while you drove to see your family, that wonders like the Amazon Rain Forest no longer existed. Imagine what that world would be like. An environment devoid of nature, made up of only concrete and steel. This may be the human raceÃ¢â¬â¢s fate if urbanization continues. If we stop urban encroachment on nature, such as deforestation, we can start to rebuild nature for greater chances of physical and mental wellbeing. So our children have the chance to feel the peace and happiness that I once did. A multitude of studies have been initiated to research the relationship between human health and nature. Many of these studies have found that there exists a positive association between natural environments and mental health. The more nature that people expose themselves to, the more it impacts their wellbeing. I believe that the preservation of the natural environment will have a positive effect on human health by reducing stress levels and increasing mental wellbeing and vivacity. To better understand the urgency behind the preservation of nature, one must first understand itÃ¢â¬â¢s long history. No one knows what the world looked like thousands of years ago, but I imagine it being wild, free, and full of life. All forms of life wandering about the Earth, living their natural lifecycles. We, the Species Homo sapiens, first appeared in Africa, soon after we
Logistics is the designing and managing of a system in order to control the flow of material throughout a corporation. This is a very important part of an international company because of geographical barriers. Logistics of an international company includes movement of raw materials, coordinating flows into and out of different countries, choices of transportation, cost of the transportation, packaging the product for shipment, storing the product, and managing the entire process. We will write a custom essay sample on The International Company Logistics or any similar topic only for you Order Now The concept of logistics is fairly new in the business world. The theoretical development was not used until 1966. Since then, many business practices have evolved and logistics currently costs between 10 and 25 percent of the total cost of an international purchase. There are two main phases that are important in the movement of materials: material management and physical distribution. Materials management is the timely movement of raw materials, parts, and supplies. The physical distribution is the movement of the firmÃ¢â¬ s finished products to the customers. Both phases involve every stage of the process including storage. The ultimate goal of logistics is to coordinate all efforts of the company to maintain a cost effective flow of goods. There are four logistics concepts: the systems concept, the total cost concept, the after-tax concept, and the trade-off concept. The systems concept is based on all functions of a organization working together in order to maximize benefits. This concept sometimes requires certain components of the organization to operate suboptimally in order to achieve maximum goals of the system. The total cost concept is based on the systems concept, however goal achievement is measured in terms of cost. A variation of the total cost concept is the after-tax concept. This goal of this concept is after-tax profit. This concept is becoming very popular because of the many different national tax policies. The trade-off concept links the system together in a way that is very efficient, but can have trade-offs that might be inefficient. The advantages of such high efficiency must be weighed against the risk involved. One of the largest obstacles of international logistics is geography. The distance and manner materials must be shipped is the most important step in international logistics. Transportation infrastructures vary greatly throughout the world. International companies must consider all options before starting any operation in another country. Perhaps a country could have easy access by ship, but no way to transport the goods once on the ground. All available routes into and out of the country must be determined in order to judge the feasibility of the operation. Ground shipments are excellent for neighboring countries such as the U.S. and Mexico. Normally, shipping across ground borders is fairly uneventful and is usually the best method if time and distance allow it. Ocean shipments are divided by three types of service: liner, bulk, and tramp. Liner service is regularly scheduled passages on assigned and established routes. This ship routes are similar to taking a plane somewhere. This service is used more for one-time or irregular shipments. Bulk service is contractual for a prolonged period of time. This service is for those needing to ship large quantities on a fairly regular basis. Tramp service is for irregular routes and scheduled as needed. This service would be to destinations liner service normally does not operate, and for large quantities. The type of ocean service you use also depends on where the material must go. Certain types of ships can only go to certain places, and certain ships can only carry a certain type of freight. All alternatives must be fully researched before ocean service can be considered as a valid option. The biggest advantage of ocean shipping is cost. Typically, ocean service is the least costly option, however is also has the slowest travel time. Accidents are infrequent, however if one would happen, large quantities of material are lost all at once. Certain operations could not sustain long periods of down-time caused by lost goods, which could prove devastating. Additionally, not all countries have adequate docking facilities and material may have to be delivered in another manner. Sometimes, the material can be ocean shipped to a neighboring country, and then trucked across land. Air freight is the quickest method for shipping goods. It also is the most costly. While the airfreight industry has had tremendous growth over the years, it still makes up less than 1 percent of all international freight. Typically, airfreight is used for high value items, and those required to have a short transit time. Perishable goods for instance, practically requires air shipment. Another advantage to air freight is the abundance of facilities throughout the world that are accessible by air. Transit time is another important aspect of international logistics, and is closely related to the manner in which the material is shipped. Because the ocean freight takes longer, large quantities are shipped. This requires storage of inventory in both countries. By using air freight, the smaller quantities and more periodic shipments can reduce storage costs. Air freight is also more predictable than ocean shipments. Where a ship may be a few days late, the air freight is usually only a few hours late. Predictability is important for many types of shipments, and when it is required, air freight is the mode of choice. Packaging for international shipments must also be researched. Many times, a single shipment may be trucked, air freighted, and shipped. Packaging for three different types of shipping can be tricky. The most common type of international shipping is in containers. These containers can ride on a truck and then be placed on a ship. Beyond general packaging, climate changes must also be taken into consideration. Care must be taken that the freight is not susceptible to extreme temperatures or humidity. When air freight is being used, the weight of the packaging must be considered for maximum benefit. Extremely heavy packaging can add thousands of dollars to an air freight bill. Logistics of a storage facility is also very important. How many locations and where they are located must be closely researched in order to yield the most benefit. Sometimes, a location can be chosen based on monetary benefit in addition to logistical benefit. Certain enterprise zones can greatly increase after-tax profits. These types of areas must be researched and compared for cost/benefit. The final part of logistics is how to tie this system together. All of these different options and concepts must flow together and operate as efficiently as possible. There are three basic forms of logistics management. Centralized logistics management provides that the logistics operations are headed by managers that also head other divisions of the company. This type of management helps avoid internal problems by having a central manager that ultimately decides how logistics and operations are coordinated. Decentralized logistics management is based on the fact that a company needs to have a division that helps control the local-adaptation needs. Dealing with different cultures requires input from the local branch. The managers that deal with the cultural differences on a daily basis normally know what works and what doesnÃ¢â¬ t. Outsourcing is the final option for logistics management. When this happens, transportation firms concentrate on logistics, and the company can concentrate on itÃ¢â¬ s production. There are many cost savings using this type of program, however that lack of control can negatively effect many companies. International logistics requires many different options and requirements to be met in order for a company to operate internationally. ItÃ¢â¬ s like a big puzzle that must be put together, in order for all the goals to be met. As described above, there are many options to consider, and sometimes what appears to be an option really isnÃ¢â¬ t. It is not difficult to hit a road block, and you must start over with a new plan. Once the logistics plan is in place, you must constantly look for improvements in order to maximize profits and goals. How to cite The International Company Logistics, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
There is a law in America called The Clean Water Act. In this paper, I will focus on the act and figure out what it is. I will also show how the US government protects clean water, what kinds of policies they have regarding the Clean Water Act, how the executive branch enforces these polices and how we can participate in that. If we want to know more information about the quality of water in the US, we have to figure out what the Clean Water Act is first. Clean Water Act is the principal law governing pollution of the nations surface waters. It has another name, which is the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. The purpose of the act is to improve the quality of water; the act has since been expanded and is still being implemented by industries and municipalities. Although it was enacted in 1948, it was totally revised by amendments in 1972 that gave the act its current shape. We will write a custom essay sample on Water Protection: The Clean Water Act or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Early on, the emphasis was on controlling dischargers of conventional pollutants, but now it moves to control of toxic pollutants, which are a key factor of water quality recently. Under this act, federal Jurisdiction is broad, particularly regarding establishment of national tandards or effluent limitations. The act claims that all discharges into the nations waters are unlawful, unless specifically authorized by a permit, which is the acts principal enforcement tool. The law has civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement provisions and also permits citizen suit enforcement. (Summary, 2012) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a government agency concerned with the American environment and its impact on human health, enforces the Clean Water Act. This group is part of the bureaucracy which is in the executive branch to improve ater quality protection and Clean Water Act since 1970. Although there was a big significant change after EPA took over the Clean Water Act, in 2000 still 40 percent of nations waterways were too polluted to swim and fish in because EPA had not paid attention to the wetlands. Therefore, EPA began to emphasize wetlands protection under the Clean Water Act and the applications of the Act were expanded. Under the Clean Water Act, if a factory wants to discharge the regulated chemicals into surface waters, they have to get a permit which the EPA requires polluters to obtain for every hemical they discharge. The point is that EPA has the power to issue the permit, so EPA plays a good role in the water quality pollution. Not only does EPA deal with the protection of water quality, it also pays attention to cleaning up already polluted waterways. It introduced new rules that encouraged each state to identify dirty waterways and established standards to help eliminate sources of pollution. The each waterway could absorb. Then the states had to decide which waterways needed to reduce pollution. After a series of policies, the water quality in America is getting etter.